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Will the “Union of the Left” compete with the French president for power?

In an important step towards unifying the ranks of the French left parties, the leader of the “France Proud” party, Jean-Luc Melenchon, announced that he had reached a preliminary agreement with the Socialist Party, after an alliance with the “Greens” and “Communists” party regarding the legislative elections that will take place in its first session on June 12. next.

While many executives within these parties emphasized the “historic” aspect of the agreement, which could achieve Melenchon’s efforts to obtain a majority in the next parliament and thus impose coexistence with the centrist liberal president, Emmanuel Macron, political analyst Bruno Cautres said in his statement to Sky News. Arab” that such unions within the left “have already been achieved during the Fifth Republic.”

He adds: “France has known, starting in 1970, many experiences of electoral agreements between left-wing parties, such as the experience of the “Common Platform” in 1968, the “Common Program” in 1972, and the Lionel Jospin Union in 1997. This means that such leftist formations are not alien to history. politics of France.

On the other hand, analyst Cautres does not deny that the political elite is facing a changing and important situation, adding, “In the past two decades, the left has known many divisions, mainly represented in the candidacy of six candidates for the left in the last French presidential elections. Their union today has important and historical implications in this context, especially It is possible that a new project with new rules could emerge from a difficult situation such as the one experienced by the Socialist Party and the environmentalists.

The goals of the Union of Left Parties

Bruno Cautres believes that this left-wing alliance has many goals that can be analyzed from several angles. “In the short term, the left is trying to win the legislative elections of 2022 or at least reduce the electoral disaster for the left after the very poor results of the environmental candidate, Yannick Gadot and the socialist candidate Anne Hidalgo. Thus, the first goal is to reduce losses and strive to win the elections,” he says in this regard. forthcoming legislative.

As for the long-term, the goal, according to the political analyst, is moving towards reaching a “governmental agreement” that achieves the formula of “ruling together.”

He continues: “Here lies the great challenge, as all the different ideas and ideologies of the left parties must fuse to present a unified government programme.”

In the event that this union fails during the legislative elections, the political analyst considers that “this agreement exists at least and will contribute to reconsidering the left’s programs and how they will regroup, taking into account the contradictions between the choices of socialists, rebels, environmentalists and communists to prepare for the presidential elections of 2027 under one brigade.

Is it possible to achieve a “parliamentary majority”?

The left needs to secure a strong majority of deputies out of the 577 seats available in the French National Assembly (Parliament), during the legislative elections that will take place between 12-19 June. But it seems that the task of Melenchon, who received 22% of the vote in the first round of the French presidential elections held on April 10, and finished third, is not easy.

According to the French political scientist: “The difficult task before this union, especially since it allows one candidate to advance in an electoral district. In general, this alliance will create dynamism within the left, and it is certain that it will allow candidates from the left to pass into the second round of legislative elections.”

According to the latest polls conducted by the company “Elab”, 37 percent of the French see this new coalition from the left as the best opponent in the upcoming legislative elections for French President Emmanuel Macron, who was recently re-elected.

Bruno Cautres concludes his speech by emphasizing that “by looking at the agreements signed between Melenchon and the leaders of other parties, it is clear that the general framework is dominated by the program of the “France Proud” party, and in this matter a new development because it is known historically that the Socialist Party was the one who led the left. .

According to the broad outlines of the agreements concluded by the “France Proud” party with its leftist allies, the joint government program mainly includes an increase in the minimum wage to 1,400 euros, retirement at the age of 60, and a price freeze for “basic necessities” and “ecological planning”.

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